溫州位于我國環太平洋西岸18000公里海岸中段,處在長江三角洲和珠江三角洲兩大經濟區交匯處 , 是浙南的經濟、文化中心和交通樞紐。溫州古為甌地,曾為東甌王騶搖都地。公元323年建郡,為永嘉郡,公元675年始稱溫州。
    溫州歷史上以手工業發達著稱,是青瓷發源地之一,造紙、造船、絲綢、繡品、漆器、鞋革等在我國歷史上均有一定地位。南宋時被辟為對外通商口岸,有“一片繁榮海上頭,從來喚作小杭州”之稱。

     Wenzhou is located at the middle section of the circum-Pacific 18,000-kilometer-long west coast of China, intersecting the two economic zones of the Yangtze River and the Pearl River Deltas. It is the economic, cultural and transport center of south Zhejiang Province. Being the land of Ou in ancient times, Wenzhou had become the capital of the kingdom of the Eastern Ou. In A.D. 323 it was built as Yongjia Prefecture and in A.D. 675 it began to be called Wenzhou.
    Historically, Wenzhou has been a city renowned for its handicrafts and also as one of the birthplaces of celadon. Its papermaking, shipbuilding, silk, embroidery, lacquerware, shoes and leather products achieved a fairly eminent position in the history of China. As early as the Southern Song Dynasty, it was opened up as a foreign trade port, enjoying a reputation as a prosperous costal city comparable to Hangzhou

溫州基本情況 Basic Facts
國民經濟和社會發展情況 National Economic and Social Development
基礎設施 Infrastructure Facilities

◎全市面積 Area
全市陸域面積11784平方公里,海域面積約11000平方公里。
The city covers a total land area of 11, 784 square kilometers and the sea area of some 11,000 square kilometers.

◎行政區劃 Administrative Divisions
全市下轄鹿城、龍灣、甌海3區和瑞安、樂清2市及永嘉、洞頭、平陽、蒼南、文成、泰順6縣。
The city has jurisdiction over the three districts of Lucheng, Longwan and Ouhai, the two cities of Rui’an and Yueqing and the six counties of Yongjia, Dongtou, Pingyang, Cangnan, Wencheng and Taishun.

◎人口 Population
2006年末全市戶籍總人口756.48萬人,其中市區人口140.56萬人。人口自然增長率為9.2‰。
By the end of 2006, the city had a total population of 7.5648 million, including 1.4056 million urban residents. Its natural population growth rate was 9.20 per thousand.

◎地貌 Topographic Features
溫州地勢從西南向東北呈梯形傾斜,綿亙有洞宮、括蒼、雁蕩諸山脈。泰順的白云尖,海拔1611米,為全市最高峰。地貌可分為西部中低山區,中部低山丘陵盆地區,東部平原灘涂區和沿海島嶼區。
The terrain of Wenzhou inclines in a gradient pattern from southwest to northeast, with the Donggong, Kuocang and Yandang Mountains stretching in an unbroken chain. The Baiyun Peak in Taishun County, with an elevation of 1,611 meters, is the highest peak in the city. Topographically Wenzhou can be divided into three regions, medium low mountains area in the west, low hilly area and basin in the middle of plain area, tidal belt and offshore islands in the east.

◎海岸 Coast
溫州海域遼闊,岸線綿長曲折,從樂清湖霧至蒼南云亭共355公里,形成磐石、樂清灣等天然良港。
With a vast sea area and twisty sea line, the city has a coastline of 355 kilometers, stretching from Huwu in Yueqing City to Yunting in Cangnan County. It boasts such excellent natural ports as Panshi and Yueqing Bays.

◎灘涂 Tidal Belt
溫州有沿海灘涂約80萬畝。
In Wenzhou the tidal belt along the coast covers a total area of 53,300 hectares.

◎海洋 Marine Resources
溫州是海洋大市。海洋生物資源豐富,沿海灘涂養殖面積達6.5萬公頃,養殖蟶、蚶、蠣、蝦、蟹、蛤等。南麂列島有貝、藻類490余種,為國家級海洋型自然保護區。沿海主要漁場有洞頭、北麂、南麂、樂清灣等,魚類有帶魚、黃魚、鰻魚、鯧魚、馬蛟、鰳魚、鈣魚等370余種。
Wenzhou is a city with abundant marine resources. The tidal belt along the coast, with an area of 65,000 hectares, breeds razor clams, sea clams, oysters, shrimps, crabs, hard clams and other kinds of marine life. The Nanji Islands, a national marine nature reserve, have over 490 varieties of shellfish and alga, while the marine coastal fishing grounds in Dongtou County, the Beiji and Nanji Islands and Yueqing Bay boast over 370 varieties of fish, such as hairtail, yellow croaker, eel, butterfish, mackerel, Chinese herring and perch.

◎水文 Water Resources
溫州境內較大的水系有甌江、飛云江、鰲江等,均由西向東注入東海。東部平原地區河道縱橫交錯,密如蛛網,大小河流有150余條。
Within the boundary of the city, the Qujiang, Feiyun and Aojiang Rivers are among the larger river systems, running from west to east into the East China Sea. Across the eastern plain area over 150 rivers of various lengths crisscross like a spider web.

◎氣候 Climate
溫州以氣候溫和而得名,屬中亞熱帶季風氣候區,冬夏季風交替顯著,雨量充沛,光照豐富,四季分明。年平均氣溫約18攝氏度,年平均降水量1500~1800毫米,年平均無霜期275~280天。
Wenzhou derives the present name from its mild climate (Wenzhou in Chinese means warm). It is part of the subtropical maritime humid climate zone, noticeable for its alternating dry and monsoon periods, distinct seasons, abundant rainfall and generous sunshine. It has an average annual temperature of 18℃, an annual rainfall between 1,500 and 1,800 mm and a frost-free period of 275 to 280 days.

◎礦產 Mineral Resources
礦產資源中金屬礦有鋅、銅、鋁、錳、錫、鉬、銀、鐵等30余種;非金屬礦有明礬石、利石、葉臘石、高嶺土、螢石、石英巖、花崗巖等,其中明礬石礦儲量占全國儲量的80%,有“世界礬都”之稱;花崗巖儲量及產品質量、花色品種均居全國前列。
Mineral resources are composed of more than 30 metals, such as zinc, copper, aluminum, manganese, tin, molybdenum, silver and iron, as well as nonmetal minerals such as alunite, pyrophyllite, kaolin, fluorite, quartzite and granite. The alunite reserves amount to 80 percent of the national total, giving Wenzhou of the title of “the world alunite capital”, while the granite reserves are among the top in the country in quality and variety.

溫州新聞網 2005.11
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